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1.  Workplace billying demonstrates a lack of which one of the three types of organizational justice? 

Ans. Workplace bullying demonstrates a lack of Interactional Justice among the three types of organizational justice. Bullying employees means, treating them without dignity, concern and respect.

2. What aspects of motivation might workplace bullying reduce? For example, are there likely to be effects on an employee’s self-efficacy? If so, what might those effects be? 

Ans. If we consider Hierarch of needs theory, a early theory of Motivation there exists a hierarchy of five needs: Physiological, Safety, Social, Esteem, Self-actualization. Workplace bullying has moderate impact on Safety, Social and high impact on Esteem, Self-actualization of aspects of motivation. By bullying an employee there will a long last effect on self-efficacy. He or She can not drive to become what they are capable of becoming. “The victims may feel less motivated to go to work every day, they continue performing there required job duties with fear, some are less motivated to perform extra-role or citizenship behaviors. Helping others, speaking positively about organization, and going beyond the call of the duty are reduced as a result of bullying”.

3.  If you were a victim of workplace bullying, what steps would you take to reduce its occurrence? What strategies would be most effective? Least effective? What would you do if one of you colleagues were a victim? 

Ans. If I were the victims of workplace bullying I will try to talk with appropriate committee how can control bully. Most effective strategy would be increase higher-order needs that are satisfied internally, such as social, esteem, and self-actualization needs. By doing this it will drive me to became what I am capable of becoming. Least effective would be leaving the job. This may not be the good strategy to do because I may feel dissatisfaction in other job due to this incident. If one of colleagues were a victim I will not blame, annoy him/her. I will try to understand what level of the hierarchy that person is currently on and focus on satisfying the needs at or above that level and motivate victim as much as I can. I try to take necessary steps against bully.

4.  What factors do you believe contribute to workplace bullying? Are bullies a product of the situations, or do they have flawed personalities? What situations and what personality factors might contribute to the presence of bullies? 

Ans. I strongly believe in-equality and comparison  are the main factors contribute to workplace bullying. “Most of the bullies are products of situation and some of them do have flawed personalities. Employees might compare themselves to  friends, neighbors, co-workers, or colleagues in other organizations or compare their present job with past jobs”, in-equality in power and position, these are situations contribute to the presence of bullies.  Negative and stressful working environment, low self esteem are the personality factors might contribute to the presence of bullies.

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